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Prevention and Treatment

What causes acne?

Each hair follicle is connected to sebaceous glands. They secrete an oily substance known as sebum to lubricate the hair and skin. Sebum normally travels up along the hair shafts and then out through the opening of the hair follicle onto the surface of your skin. When your body produces an excess amount of sebum and dead skin cells, the two can accumulate in the hair follicle and solidify as a soft plug. As the plug grows, the follicle wall can rupture, allowing more oil and skin cells to accumulate. This is the underlying cause of acne. Bacteria can trigger additional inflammation and infection resulting in complications of acne. Acne treatments usually work by reducing oil production, speeding up the growth of new skin cells and the removal of dead skin cells, or fighting bacterial infection. Some treatments, especially combination therapies, work by doing two or three of these.

What is Blue Light Therapy?

Exposing the skin to a low-intensity blue light source is believed to destroy P. acnes. This painless procedure is usually done through a series of sessions, each lasting about 15 minutes. P. acnes multiplies rapidly, however, so ongoing treatment is necessary for best results. Side effects of blue light therapy include pigment changes, swelling in the treated areas and dryness. Chemical peels and microdermabrasion may be helpful in controlling acne. These cosmetic procedures which have traditionally been used to lessen the appearance of fine lines, sun damage and minor facial scars are more effective when used in combination with other acne treatments.
         

What is a peel and what are the benefits?

A peel is a term that is often loosely applied to a procedure of applying alpha hydroxy acids and beta hydroxy acids to the face, chest, or extremities. The goal of these peels is to remove the top layers of skin cells and increase cell turnover. In laymen’s terms, these peels will help decrease fine lines and wrinkles, and some will also diminish dark discolorations like melasma. These acids are naturally occurring in nature, though most are manufactured today for more predictable and uniform results.
 

What are Marionette lines?

Marionette lines are the downward turning of the corners of the mouth that can extend all the way to the jaw at times. They can impart a negative expression of sadness, disapproval, unpleasantness, and melancholia. These lines can be improved with hyaluronic fillers such as Restylane.

What are Dermal Fillers?

The most popular dermal fillers in use today are the hyaluronic fillers such as Restylane by Medicis and Juvederm by Allergan. They can be used quite successfully to add volume particularly to the mid face and decrease the nasolabial folds. They can also be used to turn up downturned corners of the mouth and smooth out lines in the lips. They are temporary and usually last six to twelve months.

What is an "IPL" or "BBL"?

These letters stand for Intense Pulsed Light or Broad Band Light. These “lasers” as they are sometimes referred, use a band of light energy to correct various skin problems, including fine veins in the face, discolorations and they can even give some skin tightening. They are also used for hair removal. A common use for these machines is for a “photofacial”. Photofacials improve color and tone of the skin and stimulate collagen production.